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  • Role of Agriculture in Indian Economy

  • Land resource

  • Land-use

  • Land capability classification

  • Causes of Land Degradation

  • Impact of Land Degradation

  • Steps taken by GOI

  • Sustainable Land Management


  • Land Reforms

  • Objectives of Land Reforms in India

  • Progress of Land Reforms in India

  • Progress of Ceiling Legislation


  • Agriculture Finance

  • Introduction

  • Features of Agricultural Finance

  • Criteria for Agricultural Credit

  • Need for Agricultural Finance

  • Sources of Agricultural Finance

  • Measures taken to improve credit flow to agriculture

  • Problems of Agricultural Finance

  • Co-operative Credit Societies in India

  • Suggestions For Improvement


  • Agricultural Credit Institutions

    • Introduction

    • Commercial Bank

    • Lead Bank Scheme

    • Multi Agency Approach

    • Regional Rural Banks

    • National Bank for Agriculture and Rural Development (NABARD)

    • Reserve Bank of India

    • Kisan Credit Card Scheme

    • Self Help Group (SHG) Bank Linkage Programme

    • Rural Infrastructure Development Fund (RIDF)

    • Government Policy for Agricultural Credit

    • Farmers Service Societies (FSS)



    • Crop Insurance in India

    • Introduction

    • Historical Background

    • Issues Related to Crop Insurance

    • Pradhan Mantri Fasal Bima Yojana

    • Comparison with Earlier Crop Insurance Schemes

    • Challenges


  • Agriculture Marketing

  • Introduction

  • Process of Agricultural Marketing in India

  • Structure of Agricultural Marketing in India

  • Importance of Proper Agriculture Marketing

  • Government Measures to Improve Agricultural Marketing in India


  • Subsidies

  • What is subsidy?

  • Types of subsidies

  • Merit Subsidies

  • Non-merit subsidies

  • Direct Subsidies

  • Indirect subsidies

  • Objectives of subsidies

  • Transfer of resources from gainers from economic policies to losers from economic policies

  • Enhancing welfare

  • Enhancing productivity

  • Setting the terms of trade right

  • Raising the competitiveness of the products

  • Political expediency and populism

  • Farm Subsidies

    • Need for incentives to use modern inputs

    • Support poor farmers to bear the cost of modern cultivation

    • Support to farmers in case of glut

  • Types of support to farmers

    • Fertiliser subsidies

    • Subsidy on power

    • Subsidy on irrigation

  • Rationale of Minimum Support Price

  • Impact of MSP on inflation

  • Public Distribution System: Objectives, functioning, limitations,, revamping, evolution from universal PDS to targeted PDS, Targeted PDS, a critical analysis of cost and benefit of PDS

  • Buffer Stock policy and government’s intervention in food market to keep prices under reasonable limits to help consumers

  • Food Security bill, questions of resource mobilization for the FSB, criticism of the FSB

  • Important questions on the future of subsidies

  • Are subsidies second best solution?

  • Can we rely on market for food Security?

  • Are subsidies sustainable in the long run?

  • Why business/growth model and social model need to be pursued


  • Agricultural Revolutions in India

  • Green Revolution

  • White Revolution – Operation Flood

  • Yellow Revolution

  • Blue Revolution

  • Golden Fiber Revolution: Jute


  • Food Processing

  • Processed Foods Scenario with respect to Specific Sectors

  • Policy Initiatives

  • Spice Board India

  • Foreign Direct Investment

  • Infrastructure Development in Food Processing Sector

  • Sector-specific government policies

  • Government Initiatives

  • Issues in Food Processing Sector

  • FDI Policy in Food Processing

  • Notable Trends in the Indian Food Processing Sector

  • Strategies Adopted in Budget

  • New foreign and domestic investment

  • Growth Factors in food and processing industry

Related Topics in This Paper

  1.  Internal Security
  2.  Indian Economy
  3.  Science and Technology
  4.  Environment